Introduction Claire Bishop Is Everyone a Performer? Gavin Butt Being in a Band: Artschool Experimentalism and the Post-Punk Commons Gavin Butt
Claire Bishop, Gavin Butt

Keywords: amateurism, professionalisation, de-skilling, de-scaling, participation, performance, karaoke, punk, user.

In Artificial Hells, Claire Bishop focused on works of art that involve live performance, more akin to theatre than to traditional forms of visual art. She proposed that participatory art has historically aspired to a utopian collapse of artist and audience: as a result, the work of art becomes an ongoing project (rather than an object)